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Bariatric Surgery

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Bariatric surgery is a category of surgical procedures designed to assist individuals with obesity in losing weight. These procedures work by either reducing the size of the stomach or altering the digestive system, thereby restricting the amount of food intake and, in some cases, affecting nutrient absorption.

Types of bariatric surgeries

Gastric Bypass: In gastric bypass surgery, the stomach is divided into a smaller upper pouch and a larger lower pouch. The small intestine is then rearranged to connect to both pouches. This procedure reduces the stomach's capacity, limits food intake, and alters nutrient absorption.

Gastric Sleeve: Also known as sleeve gastrectomy, this surgery involves removing a portion of the stomach, leaving a sleeve-shaped pouch. The reduced stomach size leads to a decreased appetite and limits the amount of food that can be consumed.

Gastric Balloon: In gastric balloon procedures, an inflatable balloon is temporarily placed in the stomach, creating a feeling of fullness. This non-permanent option is typically used for a short-term weight loss boost.

Bariatric surgery is often considered for individuals with severe obesity who have not achieved significant weight loss through other methods, such as diet and exercise. These surgeries are not only aimed at weight reduction but also contribute to improving or resolving obesity-related health conditions, such as type 2 diabetes and hypertension.

As with any surgical procedure, individuals considering bariatric surgery should consult with a qualified bariatric surgeon. The surgeon will assess their overall health, discuss the most suitable options, and provide information on potential risks, benefits, and expected outcomes. Additionally, post-surgery lifestyle changes, including dietary modifications and regular exercise, are essential for long-term success.

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